HU Yan, WANG Mengqing, XIE Jing, et al. Exposure to ephedrine attenuates Th1/Th2 imbalance underlying OVA-induced asthma through airway epithelial cell-derived exosomal lnc-TRPM2-AS [J].Chin J Nat Med, 2024, 22(6): 530-540. doi: 10.1016/S1875-5364(24)60554-6
Citation: HU Yan, WANG Mengqing, XIE Jing, et al. Exposure to ephedrine attenuates Th1/Th2 imbalance underlying OVA-induced asthma through airway epithelial cell-derived exosomal lnc-TRPM2-AS [J].Chin J Nat Med, 2024, 22(6): 530-540. doi: 10.1016/S1875-5364(24)60554-6

Exposure to ephedrine attenuates Th1/Th2 imbalance underlying OVA-induced asthma through airway epithelial cell-derived exosomal lnc-TRPM2-AS

  • Although various anti-inflammatory medications, such as ephedrine, are employed to manage cough-variant asthma, their underlying mechanisms are yet to be fully understood. Recent studies suggest that exosomes derived from airway epithelial cells (AECs) contain components like messenger RNAs (mRNAs), micro-RNAs (miRNAs), and long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), which play roles in the occurrence and progression of airway inflammation. This study investigates the influence of AEC-derived exosomes on the efficacy of ephedrine in treating cough-variant asthma. We established a mouse model of asthma and measured airway resistance and serum inflammatory cell levels. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), Western blotting, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analyses were used to assess gene and protein expression levels. Exosomes were isolated and characterized. RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) and RNA pull-down assays were conducted to examine the interaction between hnRNPA2B1 and lnc-TRPM2-AS1. In the ovalbumin (OVA)-challenged mouse model, ephedrine treatment reduced inflammatory responses, airway resistance, and Th1/Th2 cell imbalance. Exosomes from OVA-treated AECs showed elevated levels of lnc-TRPM2-AS1, which were diminished following ephedrine treatment. The exosomal lnc-TRPM2-AS1 mediated the Th1/Th2 imbalance in CD4+ T cells, with its packaging into exosomes being facilitated by hnRNPA2B1. This study unveils a novel mechanism by which ephedrine ameliorates OVA-induced CD4+ T cell imbalance by suppressing AEC-derived exosomal lnc-TRPM2-AS1. These findings could provide a theoretical framework for using ephedrine in asthma treatment.
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